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Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 15;42(2):244-51. Epub 2005 Dec 2.

Current treatment strategies for disseminated candidiasis.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, The Los Angeles Biomedical Institute, Harbor-University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90502, USA.


The incidence of disseminated candidiasis has increased dramatically over the past several decades. Fortunately, in recent years, a variety of new antifungal agents have become available to treat these infections. On the basis of efficacy, safety, and cost considerations, fluconazole is the agent of choice for the empirical treatment of disseminated candidiasis in nonneutropenic, hemodynamically stable patients, unless a patient is suspected to be infected with an azole-resistant species (i.e., Candida glabrata or Candida krusei). For hemodynamically unstable or neutropenic patients, agents with broader species coverage, such as polyenes, echinocandins, or, possibly, voriconazole, are preferred for empirical treatment of candidemia. Modification of the initial, empirical regimen depends on the response to therapy and the subsequent identification of the species of the offending pathogen. Echinocandins or high-dose polyenes are preferred for the treatment of infections with C. glabrata or C. krusei. Central venous catheters should be removed from all patients who have disseminated candidiasis, if feasible, and antifungal therapy should be administered to all patients who have candidemia or proven candidiasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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