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Trop Doct. 2005 Oct;35(4):220-2.

Deaths associated with anaesthesia in Togo, West Africa.

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Service d'Anesthésie Réanimation, CHU de Lomé, Benin, Togo.


This study attempts to determine the anaesthetic death rate, the causes of deaths and the avoidable mortality rate (AMR) in consecutive cases. The number of anaesthetics given was 1464: 30 cases died within 24 h. The incidence of 24-h perioperative deaths per 100 anaesthetics was 2.57. In all, 50% of deaths were observed in obstetric surgery; 47% of deaths were associated with cardiovascular management, 30% with respiratory management; 93% of deaths were identified as avoidable. The AMR was 1.5% (anaesthetic AMR: 0.75%, administrative AMR: 0.68%, surgical AMR: 0.07%). Insufficient or no blood available is the only factor for administrative AMR.

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