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Bioinformatics. 2006 Feb 15;22(4):453-9. Epub 2005 Dec 13.

A simple method to predict protein-binding from aligned sequences--application to MHC superfamily and beta2-microglobulin.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'ImmunoGénétique Moléculaire IGH (UPR CNRS 1142), 141 rue de la Cardonille, 34396 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

The MHC superfamily (MhcSF) consists of immune system MHC class I (MHC-I) proteins, along with proteins with a MHC-I-like structure that are involved in a large variety of biological processes. beta2-Microglobulin (B2M) non-covalent binding to MHC-I proteins is required for their surface expression and function, whereas MHC-I-like proteins interact, or not, with B2M. This study was designed to predict B2M binding (or non-binding) of newly identified MhcSF proteins, in order to decipher their function, understand the molecular recognition mechanisms and identify deleterious mutations. IMGT standardization of MhcSF protein domains provides a unique numbering of the multiple alignment positions, and conditions to develop such predictive tool.

METHOD:

We combine a simple-Bayes classifier with IMGT unique numbering. Our method involves two steps: (1) selection of discriminant binary features, which associate an alignment position with an amino acid group; and (2) learning of the classifier by estimating the frequencies of selected features, conditionally to the B2M binding property.

RESULTS:

Our dataset contains aligned sequences of 806 allelic forms of 47 MhcSF proteins, corresponding to 9 receptor types and 4 mammalian species. Eighteen discriminant features are selected, belonging to B2M contact sites, or stabilizing the molecular structure required for this contact. Three leave-one-out procedures are used to assess classifier performance, which corresponds to B2M binding prediction for: (1) new proteins, (2) species not represented in the dataset and (3) new receptor types. The prediction accuracy is high, i.e. 98, 94 and 70%, respectively. Application of our classifier to lower vertebrate MHC-I proteins indicates that these proteins bind to B2M and should then be expressed on the cellular surface by a process similar to that of mammalian MHC-I proteins. These results demonstrate the usefulness and accuracy of our (simple) approach, which should apply to other function or interaction prediction problems.

PMID:
16352655
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/bti826
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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