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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994 Jan;60(1):291-7.

Nitrate Reduction in a Sulfate-Reducing Bacterium, Desulfovibrio desulfuricans, Isolated from Rice Paddy Soil: Sulfide Inhibition, Kinetics, and Regulation.

Author information

1
Max-Planck-Institut für Terrestrische Mikrobiologie, D-35043 Marburg, Germany.

Abstract

From the second-highest dilution in a most-probable-number dilution series with lactate and sulfate as substrates and rice paddy soil as the inoculum, a strain of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans was isolated. In addition to reducing sulfate, sulfite, and thiosulfate, the strain also reduced nitrate to ammonia. The latter process was studied in detail, since the ability to reduce nitrate was strongly influenced by the presence of sulfide. Sulfide inhibited both growth on nitrate and nitrate reduction. A 70% inhibition of the nitrate reduction rate was obtained at 127 muM sulfide, and growth was inhibited by 50% at approximately 320 muM sulfide and was not detectable above 700 muM sulfide. In contrast, sulfate reduction was not affected at concentrations of up to 5 mM. After growth with sulfate, an induction period of 2 to 4 days was needed before nitrate reduction started. When nitrate and sulfate were present simultaneously, only sulfate was reduced, except when sulfate was present at very low concentrations (4 muM). At higher sulfate concentrations (500 muM), nitrate reduction was temporarily halted. The affinity for nitrate uptake was extremely high (K(m) = 0.05 muM) compared with that for sulfate uptake (K(m) = 5 muM). Thus, at low nitrate concentrations this bacterium is favored relative to denitrifiers (K(m) = 1.8 to 13.7 muM) or other nitrate ammonifiers (e.g., Clostridium spp. [K(m) = 500 muM]).

PMID:
16349159
PMCID:
PMC201302

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