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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1983 Jun;45(6):1822-8.

Relationships among rhizobia from native Australian legumes.

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Botany Department, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia 3168.


Isolates from 12 legumes at three sites in Victoria showed a wide range of morphological, cultural, symbiotic, and serological properties. Isolates from Acacia longifolia var. sophorae and Kennedia prostrata were fast growing but nodulated ineffectively Macroptilium atropurpureum and all native legumes except Swainsonia lessertiifolia. Isolates from S. lessertiifolia showed anomalous properties intermediate between fast- and slow-growing rhizobia. All isolates from the other two sites were slow-growing "cowpea" rhizobia. Symbiotic effectiveness was usually poor, and there was no relationship between effectiveness and host taxonomy or serological affinities of the isolates. This is the first report of fast-growing rhizobia from temperate Australian woody legumes and the first report of the symbiotic effectiveness of native Australian legumes with indigenous rhizobia.

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