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Gastroenterology. 2005 Dec;129(6):1845-53.

Association of organic cation transporter risk haplotype with perianal penetrating Crohn's disease but not with susceptibility to IBD.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, UZ Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium. severine.vermeire@uz.kuleuven.ac.be

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Three years after the identification of NOD2/CARD15, 2 more genes for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) were reported. The carnitine/organic cation transporter (OCTN) on 5q31 (IBD5) is associated with Crohn's disease (CD) and DLG5 (10q23), a member of membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) family, with IBD. We studied mutation prevalence, assessed phenotypic expression, and performed conditional analysis to examine evidence for gene-gene interactions.

METHODS:

A cohort of 2032 individuals was genotyped for disease-associated OCTN and DLG5 variants, including 981 patients with IBD (CD, n = 769; ulcerative colitis, n = 186; indeterminate colitis, n = 26) followed up at a tertiary IBD center. For 373 patients, DNA from both parents was available (cohort 1) for transmission disequilibrium testing analysis; case-control analysis was performed in 608 patients and 305 controls (cohort 2).

RESULTS:

There was no distortion of transmission toward affected offspring for any of the variant alleles. Case-control analysis also failed to shown an association. A higher frequency of DLG5 113A was observed in CARD15-positive patients (12.2%) compared with CARD15-negative patients (8.7%; P = .033). The OCTN-TC risk haplotype was associated with penetrating disease (odds ratio, 1.474; 95% confidence interval, 1.028-2.114; P = .035). For DLG5, there were no associations with a particular phenotype.

CONCLUSIONS:

DLG5 and OCTN do not play a role in the susceptibility to IBD, CD, or ulcerative colitis in the Flemish population but play a role in the phenotypic expression of the disease. OCTN variants were associated with perianal and penetrating CD. More studies in independent populations are urgently needed to assess the validity of DLG5 and OCTN in the pathogenesis of IBD.

PMID:
16344053
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2005.10.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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