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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2006 Mar;38(3):420-9. Epub 2005 Nov 2.

Molecular cloning and identification of mouse Cklfsf2a and Cklfsf2b, two homologues of human CKLFSF2.

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Peking University Center for Human Disease Genomics, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100083, China.


Human chemokine-like factor superfamily (CKLFSF) is a novel gene family comprising CKLF and CKLFSF1-8. Among them, CKLFSF2 is highly expressed in testis and may play important roles in male reproduction. Besides, it is very active during evolution and has two counterparts in mouse. For further study, we cloned the two mouse genes by EST assembly and RT-PCR methods and designated them as mouse Cklfsf2a and Cklfsf2b. Their predicted open-reading frames (ORFs) that encode 169 and 210 amino acids, respectively, were obtained; and their predicted full-length molecular sizes that are approximately 1.2 kb for mCklfsf2a and 0.9 kb for mCklfsf2b were confirmed by Northern blot analysis. Mouse Cklfsf2a and Cklfsf2b show similarities with human CKLFSF2 in the expression patterns that are abundant in testis, hematopoietic and immune tissues; as well as in the chromosome localizations that neighbor CKLFSF1 and 3. Their putative protein products have 47.6 and 45.5% identities with hCKLFSF2, respectively; both of them contain four potential transmembrane regions and MARVEL domains, which are also similar with hCKLFSF2. Functionally, they all can affect the transcriptional activity of androgen receptor in PC-3 and HeLa cells, but mCklfsf2a is a repressor while mCklfsf2b and hCKLFSF2 are enhancers. Taken together, we conclude that mouse Cklfsf2a and Cklfsf2b are two homologues of human CKLFSF2. Studies on them would provide much help in further investigation of the latter.

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