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Hum Genet. 1992 Jul;89(5):557-60.

Evidence for genetic heterogeneity in hereditary hydronephrosis caused by pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction, with one locus assigned to chromosome 6p.

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University Department of Medical Genetics, Duncan Guthrie Institute, Yorkhill, Glasgow, UK.


Hereditary hydronephrosis (MIM 143400) is an autosomal dominant trait that causes unilateral or bilateral pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction. Linkage analysis was undertaken in 5 families with hereditary PUJ obstruction using the major histocompatibility complex locus as a test marker. The data as a whole supported a hereditary hydronephrosis locus on 6p. Maximal lod scores were 3.090 at a recombination fraction of 0.1 with full penetrance, and 2.486 at a recombination fraction of 0.1 with a penetrance of 90%. However, analysis of two point lod scores using the HOMOG program revealed significant evidence for genetic heterogeneity with one locus on 6p in 4 of the families, and a different locus in one family. After exclusion of this unlinked family, two point analysis gave a maximal lod score of 3.9 at a recombination fraction of 0.05 with full penetrance, and 4.2 at a recombination fraction of 0.0 with 90% penetrance. These data support the assignment of one of the loci for hereditary hydronephrosis to chromosome 6p.

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