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Horm Metab Res. 1992 Jun;24(6):280-3.

The beta cell function in NIDDM patients with secondary failure: a three year follow-up of combined oral hypoglycemic and insulin therapy.

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Istituto di Clinica Medica, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.


Eleven Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients, islet cell autoantibodies negative, nonobese with secondary failure to oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) [glyburide (7.5 mg/day) and phenformin (75 mg/day)] and HbA1c 10.2 +/- 0.6% were studied. Insulin receptors on circulating monocytes, glucose utilization at supraphysiological insulin concentrations, and plasma C-peptide after i.v. glucagon were evaluated before and after 2 months of combined therapy with OHA and insulin (Ultratard HM Novo). A significant improvement was demonstrated in HbA1c and glycemia after two months of treatment. Glucose MCR was increased after two months of treatment whilst basal C-peptide was decreased as well as receptor binding to monocytes. After three years of combined therapy, body weight, glycemia and HbA1c did not increase. After three years the C-peptide basal values were significantly increased with respect to values found after 2 months of therapy. These results demonstrate that insulin treatment may restore insulin sensitivity in NIDDM patients resistant to OHA treatment and that after three years there is no exhaustion of B-cell function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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