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Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Apr;16(2):127-44.

Neurocysticercosis: evaluation with advanced magnetic resonance techniques and atypical forms.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroradiology, Medimagem-Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa, São Paulo, Brazil. lazden@terra.com.br

Abstract

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system, but its diagnosis remains difficult. The purpose of this article is to perform a critical analysis of the literature and show our experience in the evaluation of NCC. We discuss the advanced MR technique applications such as diffusion and perfusion-weighted imaging, spectroscopy, cisternography with FLAIR, and supplemental O2 and 3D-CISS. The typical manifestations of NCC are described; emphasis is given to the unusual presentations. The atypical forms of neurocysticercosis were divided into: intraventricular, subarachnoid, spinal, orbital, and intraparenchymatous. Special attention was also given to reactivation of previously calcified lesions and neurocysticercosis associated with mesial temporal sclerosis.

PMID:
16340333
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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