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Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2005 Apr;16(2):127-44.

Neurocysticercosis: evaluation with advanced magnetic resonance techniques and atypical forms.

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Department of Neuroradiology, Medimagem-Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa, São Paulo, Brazil.


Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common helminthic infection of the central nervous system, but its diagnosis remains difficult. The purpose of this article is to perform a critical analysis of the literature and show our experience in the evaluation of NCC. We discuss the advanced MR technique applications such as diffusion and perfusion-weighted imaging, spectroscopy, cisternography with FLAIR, and supplemental O2 and 3D-CISS. The typical manifestations of NCC are described; emphasis is given to the unusual presentations. The atypical forms of neurocysticercosis were divided into: intraventricular, subarachnoid, spinal, orbital, and intraparenchymatous. Special attention was also given to reactivation of previously calcified lesions and neurocysticercosis associated with mesial temporal sclerosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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