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J Neurosci. 2005 Dec 7;25(49):11385-95.

Noradrenaline triggers multivesicular release at glutamatergic synapses in the hypothalamus.

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Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada.


The origin of large-amplitude miniature EPSCs (mEPSCs) at central synapses remains to be firmly established. Here, we show that at excitatory synapses onto magnocellular neurosecretory cells in the hypothalamus, noradrenaline induces a rapid and robust increase in mEPSC amplitude that requires alpha1-adrenoceptor activation but is impervious to postsynaptic manipulations that block the putative insertion of AMPA receptors. In response to noradrenaline, mEPSCs exhibit a putative multimodal amplitude histogram distribution that is not attributable to random temporal summation, the unveiling of a quiescent synapse, or the release of large vesicles. Large-amplitude mEPSCs are sensitive to a high dose of ryanodine and are associated with an enhanced glutamate cleft concentration. Together, these data are consistent with the hypothesis that large-amplitude mEPSCs result from the synchronous release of multiple vesicles via rapid presynaptic calcium expulsion from intracellular stores.

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