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Toxicology. 2006 Feb 15;219(1-3):150-5. Epub 2005 Dec 9.

Characterization of nigerlysin, hemolysin produced by Aspergillus niger, and effect on mouse neuronal cells in vitro.

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National Exposure Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH, USA.


Aspergillus niger produced a proteinaceous hemolysin, nigerlysin when incubated on sheep's blood agar (SBA) at both 23 and 37 degrees C. Nigerlysin was purified from tryptic soy broth (TSB) culture filtrate and found to have a molecular weight of approximately 72 kDa, with an isoelectric point of 3.45. Nigerlysin is heat stable up to 65 degrees C but unstable at 75 degrees C when incubated for 10 min. Circular dichroic analysis revealed that nigerlysin has an alpha helical structure. Exposure of mouse primary cortical neuronal cells to 0.1 microg ml(-1) of nigerlysin resulted in the rapid loss of their viability, approximately 50% in 24 h. The IC50 is estimated to be 0.037 microg ml(-1), or between 0.034 and 0.041 microg ml(-1) at the 95% confidence level.

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