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J Hepatol. 2006 Feb;44(2):283-90. Epub 2005 Nov 15.

Virologic response and resistance to adefovir in patients with chronic hepatitis B.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0362, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incidence and risk factors for adefovir-resistant HBV have not been clearly defined.

AIMS:

To characterize the virologic response to adefovir, to determine the rate of adefovir resistance and to explore factors associated with initial virologic response (IVR) and adefovir resistance.

METHODS:

All hepatitis B patients who received adefovir for > or =6 months at our center were prospectively monitored for virologic response and adefovir resistance.

RESULTS:

Forty three patients were included; mean treatment duration was 18 months (range 6-45). Thirty four (79%) patients had prior lamivudine. IVR was observed in 44% patients and associated with higher pretreatment ALT (P = 0.05) and the absence of HBeAg (P = 0.02). Six (14%) patients were found to have adefovir-resistant mutations. The cumulative probability of genotypic resistance to adefovir at month 24 was 22%. Patients with adefovir resistance were more likely to have been switched from lamivudine to adefovir monotherapy (P = 0.01), to be older (P = 0.04), and to be infected with HBV genotype D (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Roughly 50% of patients failed to achieve IVR on adefovir. The cumulative probability of adefovir resistance at 2 years was 22%. Our data suggest that combination of lamivudine and adefovir may prevent emergence of adefovir resistance in patients with lamivudine-resistant HBV.

PMID:
16338024
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2005.10.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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