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J Mol Biol. 2006 Jan 27;355(4):784-97. Epub 2005 Nov 22.

The crystal structure of TrpD, a metabolic enzyme essential for lung colonization by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in complex with its substrate phosphoribosylpyrophosphate.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Structural Biology and Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, School of Biological Sciences University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1020, New Zealand.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the cause of tuberculosis, presents a major threat to human health worldwide. Biosynthetic enzymes that are essential for the survival of the bacterium, especially in activated macrophages, are important potential drug targets. Although the tryptophan biosynthesis pathway is thought to be non-essential for many pathogens, this appears not to be the case for M.tuberculosis, where a trpD gene knockout fails to cause disease in mice. We therefore chose the product of the trpD gene, anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase, which catalyses the second step in tryptophan biosynthesis, for structural analysis. The structure of TrpD from M.tuberculosis was solved by X-ray crystallography, at 1.9 A resolution for the native enzyme (R = 0.191, Rfree = 0.230) and at 2.3 A resolution for the complex with its substrate phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) and Mg2+ (R = 0.194, Rfree = 0.255). The enzyme is folded into two domains, separated by a hinge region. PRPP binds in the C-terminal domain, together with a pair of Mg ions. In the substrate complex, two flexible loops change conformation compared with the apo protein, to close over the PRPP and to complete an extensive network of hydrogen-bonded interactions. A nearby pocket, adjacent to the hinge region, is postulated by in silico docking as the binding site for anthranilate. A bound molecule of benzamidine, which was essential for crystallization and is also found in the hinge region, appears to reduce flexibility between the two domains.

PMID:
16337227
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmb.2005.11.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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