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Arch Oral Biol. 2006 May;51(5):359-70. Epub 2005 Dec 5.

Differential coupling of the P2Y1 receptor to Galpha14 and Galphaq/11 proteins during the development of the rat salivary gland.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri-Columbia, 540E Life Sciences Center, 1201 Rollins Road, Columbia, MO 65211-7310, USA.

Abstract

In rat submandibular gland (SMG), the P2Y1 receptor (P2Y1R) mediates increases in the intracellular calcium concentration, [Ca2+]i that diminish as the animal ages from 1 to 4-6 weeks. However, P2Y1R mRNA levels do not change with age, suggesting that the age-dependent decrease in the [Ca2+]i response to P2Y1R agonists may be due to alterations in the activity of a component of the P2Y1R signalling pathway.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess whether the decrease in P2Y1R-mediated intracellular calcium signalling in SMG cells as rats age is due to a decrease in P2Y1R coupling to G proteins or to a decrease in the expression of a cognate G protein.

DESIGN:

SMG cells were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats. P2Y1R function was assessed by measuring 2-MeSADP-induced increases in [Ca2+]i and ERK1/2 activation. P2Y(1)R-mediated activation of G proteins was determined by the [35S]GTPgammaS binding assay. Gq protein expression was determined by RT-PCR, Northern, and Western analysis.

RESULTS:

In SMG cells from 1-week-old rats, two bands (52 and 42kDa) were detected using anti-Galpha14 antibody, whereas in SMG cells from 4- to 6-week-old rats only the 42 kDa band was detected. Furthermore, 2-MeSADP-induced GTPgamma35S binding to Galpha14 and Galphaq/11 decreases in SMG cells from 4- to 6-week-old rats as compared to 1-week-old rats.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that the age-dependent decrease in P2Y1R-mediated intracellular calcium signalling in rat SMG cells is due to a loss of 52 kDa Galpha14 and indicate the differential coupling of the P2Y1R to Galpha14 and Galphaq/11 as the gland develops.

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