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Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec;82(6):1235-43.

Recombinant human growth hormone improves muscle amino acid uptake and whole-body protein metabolism in chronic hemodialysis patients.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-2372, USA.



Intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN), with or without exercise, has been shown to reverse the net negative whole-body and forearm muscle protein balances observed during hemodialysis. Pharmacologic doses of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) constitute another potential anabolic therapy in chronic hemodialysis patients.


Our goal was to examine the potential additive anabolic effects of rhGH compared with IDPN and exercise on protein and energy homeostasis.


We studied 7 chronic hemodialysis patients in a crossover design study in which each subject participated in 2 protocols: GH (rhGH + IDPN + exercise) and no GH (IDPN + exercise). During the GH protocol, the subjects were studied after 3 daily doses of rhGH. Each subject was studied 2 h before, 4 h during, and 2 h after a hemodialysis session with the use of a primed, constant infusion of l-[1-(13)C]leucine.


Whole-body net protein balance was -0.50 +/- 0.07 mg x kg fat-free mass(-1) x min(-1) when the patients did not receive rhGH and -0.39 +/- 0.04 mg x kg fat-free mass(-1) x min(-1) when the patients received rhGH, a 22% improvement in prehemodialysis whole-body protein homeostasis (P < 0.05). Essential amino acid muscle loss was also significantly less during the prehemodialysis period when rhGH was administered (-18 +/- 23 compared with -71 +/- 20 mmol/L; P < 0.05). The whole-body anabolic effects of rhGH observed during the prehemodialysis period persisted throughout the entire study, as evidenced by a lack of significant interaction or main effect of treatment during hemodialysis and in the posthemodialysis period.


rhGH improves whole-body protein homeostasis in chronic hemodialysis patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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