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J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Dec 14;53(25):9747-50.

Antioxidative activity of microencapsulated gamma-oryzanol on high cholesterol-fed rats.

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Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea.


The effectiveness of microencapsulated gamma-oryzanol (M-gamma-OZ) was evaluated as an antioxidant in Sprague-Dawley rats. Lard containing 100 ppm of gamma-OZ (HCD III) or 100 ppm of M-gamma-OZ (HCD IV) was heated in an oven for 7 days, and the heat-treated lard as an ingredient in a high cholesterol diet (HCD) formulation was tested for analyzing in vivo cholesterol and lipid profiles. The HCDs containing fresh lard (HCD I) and heat-treated lard (HCD II) were fed to the rats for 4 weeks as control groups A and B, respectively, in this experiment. The liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values of group C (fed with HCD III) and group D (with HCD IV) were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than that of negative control, group B. One of the cholesterol oxidation products, 7-ketocholesterol, was not detected from group D, indicating that microencapsulation preserved antioxidative activity effectively. The levels of serum total cholesterol and lipoproteins, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low-density lipoprotein were also affected by heat-induced lipid oxidation.The M-gamma-OZ evidently decreased LDL-cholesterol content and increased HDL-cholesterol in blood samples of tested rats. These results suggested that the M-gamma-OZ was not only effective in inhibiting the hypercholesterolemia of serum and liver but also reduced the oxidation degree of lipids and cholesterol. Therefore, this microencapsulation can be a good potential technique to protect the antioxidant activity of gamma-OZ from heat-induced lipid oxidation.

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