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J Nucl Med. 2005 Dec;46(12):2009-13.

Gated cardiac 13N-NH3 PET for assessment of left ventricular volumes, mass, and ejection fraction: comparison with electrocardiography-gated 18F-FDG PET.

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Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate myocardial electrocardiography (ECG)-gated 13N-ammonia (13N-NH3) PET for the assessment of cardiac end-diastolic volume (EDV), cardiac end-systolic volume (ESV), left ventricular (LV) myocardial mass (LVMM), and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) with gated 18F-FDG PET as a reference method.


ECG-gated 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG scans were performed for 27 patients (23 men and 4 women; mean+/-SD age, 55+/-15 y) for the evaluation of myocardial perfusion and viability. For both 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG studies, a model-based image analysis tool was used to estimate endocardial and epicardial borders of the left ventricle on a set of short-axis images and to calculate values for EDV, ESV, LVEF, and LVMM.


The LV volumes determined by 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG were 108+/-60 mL and 106+/-63 mL for ESV and 175+/-71 mL and 169+/-73 mL for EDV, respectively. The LVEFs determined by 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG were 42%+/-13% and 41%+/-13%, respectively. The LVMMs determined by 13N-NH3 and 18F-FDG were 179+/-40 g and 183+/-43 g, respectively. All P values were not significant, as determined by paired t tests. A significant correlation was observed between 13N-NH3 imaging and 18F-FDG imaging for the calculation of ESV (r=0.97, SEE=14.1, P<0.0001), EDV (r=0.98, SEE=15.4, P<0.0001), LVEF (r=0.9, SEE=5.6, P<0.0001), and LVMM (r=0.93, SEE=15.5, P<0.0001).


Model-based analysis of ECG-gated 13N-NH3 PET images is accurate in determining LV volumes, LVMM, and LVEF. Therefore, ECG-gated 13N-NH3 can be used for the simultaneous assessment of myocardial perfusion, LV geometry, and contractile function.

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