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J Comp Pathol. 2006 Jan;134(1):8-16. Epub 2005 Dec 2.

Ultrastructural differences in cranial cruciate ligaments from dogs of two breeds with a differing predisposition to ligament degeneration and rupture.

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1
Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, Bristol BS40 5DU, UK.

Abstract

Cranial (anterior) cruciate ligament (CCL) samples were obtained from dogs of the Labrador retriever (LR) and greyhound (GH) breeds, of which the former but not the latter is predisposed to CCL rupture. Electron microscopy revealed that the collagen fibril diameters of GHs were larger than those of LRs (P=0.03). Histological examination revealed a "fibrocartilaginous" appearance of CCLs in seven of eight GHs, and, to a lesser extent, in three of eight LRs. The formation of fibrocartilage is clearly not a disadvantage to the healthy racing GH, and cannot be regarded as a pathological degeneration in this breed. It is suggested that fibrocartilage is formed as a beneficial physiological adaptation to the compression of CCLs caused by tensile stress as a result of the tightening of two twisted bands. Fibrocartilage would appear to protect CCLs in the GH, but it may be indicative of a mild degenerative change, which may eventually lead to rupture in the LR.

PMID:
16330041
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcpa.2005.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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