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Clin Biochem. 2006 Feb;39(2):143-51. Epub 2005 Dec 2.

The analysis and characterisation of immuno-unreactive urinary albumin in healthy volunteers.

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AusAm Biotechnologies Inc., New York, NY 10022, USA.



To compare the analysis of different forms of intact albumin in urine from healthy volunteers. To determine contamination by common non-albumin proteins on HPLC analysis of urinary albumin and of purified immuno-unreactive albumin.


Overnight urine samples collected from healthy volunteers were analysed for total albumin (immunoreactive plus immuno-unreactive) by HPLC and densitometry following native PAGE separation and for immunoreactive albumin by RIA. The contamination by non-albumin proteins of the HPLC analysis of urinary albumin and of immuno-unreactive albumin preparations was determined by ELISA. Immuno-unreactive albumin was tested for Co2+-binding capacity.


HPLC analysis of healthy urine generates higher ACR values than immunological methods due to the presence of immuno-unreactive albumin. Immuno-unreactive albumin cannot be accounted for by the non-albumin urinary proteins tested. Isolated immuno-unreactive albumin is not recognised by antibodies to common urinary proteins or by an array of anti-albumin antibodies and behaves like serum albumin in terms of HPLC elution, native PAGE migration, and cobalt ion binding.

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