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Anal Biochem. 2006 Jan 15;348(2):243-51. Epub 2005 Nov 15.

Intracellular nucleotide and nucleotide sugar contents of cultured CHO cells determined by a fast, sensitive, and high-resolution ion-pair RP-HPLC.

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Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, 54505 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy cedex, France.


Analysis of intracellular nucleotide and nucleotide sugar contents is essential in studying protein glycosylation of mammalian cells. Nucleotides and nucleotide sugars are the donor substrates of glycosyltransferases, and nucleotides are involved in cellular energy metabolism and its regulation. A sensitive and reproducible ion-pair reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method has been developed, allowing the direct and simultaneous detection and quantification of some essential nucleotides and nucleotide sugars. After a perchloric acid extraction, 13 molecules (8 nucleotides and 5 nucleotide sugars) were separated, including activated sugars such as UDP-glucose, UDP-galactose, GDP-mannose, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine, and UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine. To validate the analytical parameters, the reproducibility, linearity of calibration curves, detection limits, and recovery were evaluated for standard mixtures and cell extracts. The developed method is capable of resolving picomolar quantities of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars in a single chromatographic run. The HPLC method was then applied to quantify intracellular levels of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells cultivated in a bioreactor batch process. Evolutions of the titers of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars during the batch process are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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