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Protein Expr Purif. 2006 Apr;46(2):240-7. Epub 2005 Aug 15.

A rapid ATP affinity-based purification for the human non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, 1430 Tulane Avenue SL 43, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.


The non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src plays a central role in a variety of cell signaling pathways that regulate cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and other important cellular processes. An 85-amino acid N-terminal deletion construct of c-Src (DeltaN85 c-Src) has been structurally characterized and used extensively in biochemical and biophysical studies. In this report, we have established a relatively rapid, simplified purification of DeltaN85 c-Src from recombinant baculovirus-infected insect cells. Q-Sepharose anion-exchange and aminophenyl-ATP affinity chromatography were used to isolate 5mg of >98% pure DeltaN85 c-Src from 900 mg of total soluble protein. The specific activity of DeltaN85 c-Src (20 U mg(-1)) was found to be >or = 5-fold greater than previously reported values. A lag in the autophosphorylation kinetics of DeltaN85 c-Src was observed, and the reaction occurred with observed first-order rate constants k1=0.20+/-0.01 min(-1) and k2=0.38+/-0.01 min(-1) under the experimental conditions used. Steady-state kinetic analysis of peptide phosphorylation by DeltaN85 c-Src gave Km values of 99+/-23 microM and 190+/-30 microM for the peptide and ATP substrates, respectively, and a value of k(cat)=17+/-2s(-1). Overall, we present a dramatically improved purification strategy that represents a simplified, relatively rapid protocol for the isolation of milligram quantities of DeltaN85 c-Src required for rigorous structure-function and inhibition studies that rely on a pre-steady-state kinetic approach.

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