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Eur J Pharmacol. 2005 Dec 28;528(1-3):110-8. Epub 2005 Dec 1.

Suppression of alcohol self-administration and cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking by the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY379268 and the mGlu8 receptor agonist (S)-3,4-DCPG.

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Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, P.O. Box 33, FI-00251 Helsinki, Finland.


Glutamatergic neurotransmission has been suggested to modulate cue-induced drug-seeking behavior. Here we examined the effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists on alcohol self-administration and cue-induced reinstatement. Rats were trained to self-administer 10% w/v ethanol under an FR1 schedule of reinforcement during 30-min sessions. In the reinstatement experiments, ethanol and a non-rewarding quinine solution (available on alternating days) were paired with olfactory stimuli (S+/S-) as well as light (CS+) or tone (CS-) stimuli. Following extinction training, reinstatement of responding was induced by the ethanol-associated stimuli (S+/CS+). The mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY379268 (0, 1, 3 and 5 mg/kg i.p.) and the mGlu8 receptor agonist (S)-3,4-DCPG (0, 5, 10 and 15 mg/kg i.p.) attenuated alcohol self-administration and reinstatement at doses that decreased also spontaneous locomotor activity. The results suggest that metabotropic glutamate receptors may have a role in the modulation of alcohol seeking and self-administration. However, further studies with ligands with fewer motor-suppressant side effects are needed.

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