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Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Dec 1;11(23):8372-83.

Clinical relevance of dominant-negative p73 isoforms for responsiveness to chemotherapy and survival in ovarian cancer: evidence for a crucial p53-p73 cross-talk in vivo.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. nicole.concin@uibk.ac.at

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to determine the clinical role of the p53 family members p53 and p73 in the responsiveness to platinum-based chemotherapy and survival in ovarian cancer, considering their cross-talk and the p53 polymorphism at codon 72.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

A detailed analysis of p53 and p73 in a series of 122 ovarian cancers was done. We used a functional yeast-based assay to determine the p53 mutational status. Red yeast colonies, indicating mutant p53, were subsequently sequenced to determine the specific p53 alteration. p53 mutations were divided into two groups according to their previous characterization in the literature: those that efficiently inhibit transcriptionally active TAp73 function and those that do not. A p53 polymorphism at codon 72 was determined in corresponding normal tissue or blood of ovarian cancer patients. Isoform-specific p73 expression analysis using real-time reverse transcription-PCR has previously been done in the majority of ovarian cancers included in this study. In a retrospective chart review, responsiveness to chemotherapy was assessed, and survival data with long follow-up times were collected.

RESULTS:

Eighty of 122 (65.6%) of ovarian cancers harbored p53 mutations. p53 mutational status was an important determinant of responsiveness to platinum-based chemotherapy in all patients with a residual tumor of <2 cm in diameter after initial surgery (wild-type versus mutant, P = 0.029). In addition, p53 mutational status was a strong prognosticator for recurrence-free and overall survival (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.003, respectively) in univariate analyses. High expression levels of dominant-negative p73 isoforms (DeltaNp73 and DeltaN'p73) significantly correlated with chemotherapeutic failure (P = 0.048) and with worse recurrence-free and overall survival in patients with p53 mutant cancers (P = 0.048 and P = 0.005, respectively). Eight p53 mutations, present in 19 cases, were found that efficiently inhibit TAp73 (i.e., 175H, 220C, 245S, 245D, 248W, 248Q, 266E, and 273H). Patients with p53 mutations that efficiently inhibit TAp73 function had a significantly shorter overall survival than patients with p53 mutations of unknown effect on TAp73 (P = 0.044). The p53 polymorphism at codon 72 had no influence on responsiveness to chemotherapy or survival.

CONCLUSION:

We provide the first clinical evidence that dominant-negative p73 isoforms contribute to drug resistance in vivo, underscoring the importance of a p53-p73 cross-talk. NH2-terminally truncated p73 isoforms were of significant clinical effect by providing an additional unfavorable factor for response to platinum-based chemotherapy and survival in p53 mutant ovarian cancers.

PMID:
16322298
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-05-0899
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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