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Ethn Dis. 2005 Autumn;15(4 Suppl 6):S6-18-29.

Recruiting African-American research participation in the Jackson Heart Study: methods, response rates, and sample description.

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1
School of Medicine, Jackson Heart Study, University of Mississippi Medical Center Jackson, Mississippi 39216-4505, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The sampling and recruitment methods, response rate, and cohort description for the all-African-American Jackson Heart Study (JHS) are detailed.

METHODS:

Four subsamples of participants residing in the Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan statistical area (MSA) were included: random, volunteer, ARIC (continuing from Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study), and family. A community-driven recruitment model was developed, and community representatives guided recruitment.

RESULTS:

96% (n=5,302) of target enrollment was achieved with diversity in sex, education, and income. The JHS cohort provides a sample of African-American adults for longitudinal investigation.

DISCUSSION:

Cohort recruitment was challenging. The JHS experiences provide useful lessons for observational epidemiological studies recruiting African-American research participation. Co-participation of researchers and researched in study design and realistic evidence of community benefit were crucial to recruitment success.

PMID:
16317982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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