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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006 Mar;5(3):560-2. Epub 2005 Nov 29.

Concanavalin A-captured glycoproteins in healthy human urine.

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Proteomics Research Center, National Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100080, China.


Both the urinary proteome and its glycoproteome can reflect human health status, and more directly, functions of kidney and urinary tracts. Because the high abundance protein albumin is not N-glycosylated, the urine N-glycoprotein enrichment procedure could deplete it, and urine proteome could thus provide a more detailed protein profile in addition to glycosylation information especially when albuminuria occurs in some kidney diseases. In terms of describing the details of urinary proteins, the urine glycoproteome is even a better choice than the proteome itself. Pooled urine samples from healthy volunteers were collected and acetone-precipitated for proteins. N-Linked glycoproteins enriched with concanavalin A affinity purification were separated and analyzed by SDS-PAGE-reverse phase LC/MS/MS or two-dimensional LC/MS/MS. A total of 225 urinary proteins were identified based on two-hit criteria with reliability over 97% for each peptide. Among these proteins, 94 were identified in previous urine proteome works, 150 were annotated as glycoproteins in Swiss-Prot, and 43 were predicted as glycoproteins by NetNGlyc 1.0. A number of known biomarkers and disease-related glycoproteins were identified. Because changes in protein quantity or the glycosylation status can lead to changes in the concanavalin A-captured glycoprotein profile, specific urine glycoproteome patterns might be observed for specific pathological conditions as multiplex urinary biomarkers. Knowledge of the urine glycoproteome is important in understanding kidney and body function.

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