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J Appl Psychol. 2005 Nov;90(6):1265-72.

The mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of entrepreneurial intentions.

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Department of Managerial Studies (M/C 243), University of Illinois at Chicago, 601 South Morgan Street, Chicago, IL 60607-7123, USA.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of self-efficacy in the development of students' intentions to become entrepreneurs. The authors used structural equation modeling with a sample of 265 master of business administration students across 5 universities to test their hypotheses. The results showed that the effects of perceived learning from entrepreneurship-related courses, previous entrepreneurial experience, and risk propensity on entrepreneurial intentions were fully mediated by entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Contrary to expectations, gender was not mediated by self-efficacy but had a direct effect such that women reported lower entrepreneurial career intentions. The authors discuss practical implications and directions for future research.

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