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Bioorg Med Chem. 2006 Apr 1;14(7):2300-13. Epub 2005 Nov 28.

Diversity-oriented chemical modification of heparin: Identification of charge-reduced N-acyl heparin derivatives having increased selectivity for heparin-binding proteins.

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Division of Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


The diversity-oriented chemical modification of heparin is shown to afford charge-reduced heparin derivatives that possess increased selectivity for binding heparin-binding proteins. Variable N-desulfonation of heparin was employed to afford heparin fractions possessing varied levels of free amine. These N-desulfonated heparin fractions were selectively N-acylated with structurally diverse carboxylic acids using a parallel synthesis protocol to generate a library of 133 heparin-derived structures. Screening library members to compare affinity for heparin-binding proteins revealed unique heparin-derived structures possessing increased affinity and selectivity for individual heparin-binding proteins. Moreover, N-sulfo groups in heparin previously shown to be required for heparin to bind specific proteins have been replaced with structurally diverse non-anionic moieties to afford identification of charge-reduced heparin derivatives that bind these proteins with equivalent or increased affinity compared to unmodified heparin. The methods described here outline a process that we feel will be applicable to the systematic chemical modification of natural polyanionic polysaccharides and the preparation of synthetic oligosaccharides to identify charge-reduced high affinity ligands for heparin-binding proteins.

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