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Xenobiotica. 2005 Sep;35(9):853-61.

Catalytic activities of human cytochrome P450 2C9*1, 2C9*3 and 2C9*13.

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College of Life Science, Jilin University, Changchun, China.


Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) is a geneticly polymorphic enzyme responsible for the metabolism of some clinically important drugs. CYP2C9*13 is an allele identified in a Chinese poor metabolizer of lornoxicam which has a Leu90Pro amino acid substitution. This paper reports on a study aimed at comparing the catalytic properties of CYP2C9*13 with those of the wild-type CYP2C9*1 and mutant CYP2C9*3 (Ile359Leu) in the COS-7 expression system using various substrates. CYP2C9*3 and *13 produced far lower luminescence than CYP2C9*1 in luciferin H metabolism. CYP2C9*13 exhibited an 11-fold increase in Km but no change in Vmax with tolbutamide as the substrate, a five-fold increase in Km and an 88.8% reduction in Vmax with diclofenac. These data indicate that CYP2C9*13 exhibits reduced metabolic activity toward all studied CYP2C9 substrates. The magnitude of the CYP2C9*13-associated decrease in intrinsic clearance (Vmax/Km) is greater than that associated with CYP2C9*3.

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