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Mol Cell. 2005 Nov 23;20(4):645-51.

The DEAD-box protein Dbp5p is required to dissociate Mex67p from exported mRNPs at the nuclear rim.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Genentech Hall, 600 16th Street, San Francisco, California 94143, USA.


Eukaryotic mRNAs are exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm as complex mRNA-protein particles (mRNPs), and translocation through the nuclear pore complex (NPC) is accompanied by extensive structural changes of the mRNP. We have tested the hypothesis that the DEAD-box ATPase Dbp5p is required for such an mRNP rearrangement. In dbp5 mutant cells, the mRNA export receptor Mex67p accumulates on mRNA. This aberrant accumulation of Mex67p with RNA and the cold-sensitive growth phenotype of a dbp5 allele are suppressed by a mex67 mutation. Moreover, Mex67 bound mRNA accumulates at the nuclear rim in a temperature-sensitive dbp5 mutant when the nuclear exosome is impaired. Importantly, although accumulation of Mex67p-containing mRNPs is also observed when a nuclear basket component is mutated, these mRNPs still contain the nuclear export factor Yra1p. In contrast, the dbp5-trapped mRNPs lack Yra1p. We propose that Dbp5p's function is specifically required to displace Mex67p from exported mRNPs, thus terminating export.

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