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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005 Nov;69(11):2200-6.

Enzymic activity of the K5-type yeast killer toxin and its characterization.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.


K5-type yeast killer toxin secreted by P. anomala NCYC 434 cells has a broad killing spectrum. Competitive inhibiton of killer activity showed that glucans, mainly the beta-1,3 glucan, represent the primary toxin binding site within the cell wall of sensitive cells. Its hydrolytic activity on laminarin in an exo-like fashion revealed that the toxin exerts its killing effect by exo-beta-1,3-glucanase activity. Its specific activity on laminarin was 120 U/mg, and the Michaelis constants K(m) and V(max) for laminarin hydrolysis were 0.25 mg/ml and 370 micromol/min/mg. The toxin exerted its cytocidal effect after 2 h contact with the target cells. Production of the toxin by the cells was induced only when they were grown in culture media rich in beta-glucan sources, and the addition of glucose increased the specific production rate. The enzymic activity of the toxin was fully inhibited by Hg(+2), but increased with some other metal ions, most of all by Pb(+2).

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