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Nutr Clin Pract. 2005 Dec;20(6):634-45.

D-lactic acidosis.

Author information

1
University of California, Davis, Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA. twofunclub@aol.com

Abstract

D-lactic acidosis, also referred to as D-lactate encephalopathy, is a rare neurologic syndrome that occurs in individuals with short bowel syndrome or following jejuno-ileal bypass surgery. Symptoms typically present after the ingestion of high-carbohydrate feedings. Neurologic symptoms include altered mental status, slurred speech, and ataxia, with patients often appearing drunk. Onset of neurologic symptoms is accompanied by metabolic acidosis and elevation of plasma D-lactate concentration. In these patients, malabsorbed carbohydrate is fermented by an abnormal bacterial flora in the colon, which produces excessive amounts of D-lactate. High amounts of D-lactate are absorbed into the circulation, resulting in an elevated concentration of D-lactate in the blood. Development of neurologic symptoms has been attributed to D-lactate, but it is unclear if this is the cause or whether other factors are responsible. This review examines the pathophysiology of the production and accumulation of D-lactate while exploring the potential factors contributing to the development of neurologic manifestations. Methods of diagnosis and treatment are reviewed. Areas requiring further investigation are identified.

PMID:
16306301
DOI:
10.1177/0115426505020006634
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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