Send to

Choose Destination
J Am Chem Soc. 2005 Nov 30;127(47):16641-51.

A photocycle for hydrogen production from two-electron mixed-valence complexes.

Author information

Department of Chemistry, 6-335, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139-4307, USA.


Dihydrides of the formula Rh2(II,II)(tfepma)3H2Cl2 (tfepma = (bis[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphino]methylamine, MeN(P[OCH2CF3]2)2), have been prepared by the addition of H2 to the two-electron mixed-valence complex, Rh2(0,II)(tfepma)3Cl2 (1). Three isomeric forms with hydrides in syn (2), anti (3), and cis (4) conformations have been characterized by X-ray diffraction. Photolysis of 2 results in prompt formation of a short-lived blue photoproduct (lambda(max) = 600 nm) and a stoichiometric quantity of H2, as determined by Toepler pump and isotopic labeling experiments. The blue photoproduct was identified as a Rh2(I,I) complex resulting from the reductive elimination of H2, as determined from the examination of bimetallic cores coordinated by tfepm (tfepm = (bis[bis(trifluoroethoxy)phosphino]methane, CH2(P[OCH2CF3]2)2), for which complexes of the formula M2(I,I)(tfepm)3Cl2 (5, M = Rh and 6, M = Ir) have been isolated. The d8...d8 dimer of 5 converts to Rh2(0,II)(tfepm)3Cl2CN(t)Bu (8) upon the addition of 1 equiv of tert-butylisonitrile, a result of halogen migration and disproportionation of the valence symmetric core of 5, which is structurally compared to its two-electron mixed-valence analogue, Rh2(0,II)(dfpma)3Cl2CN(t)Bu (9) (dfpma = bis(difluorophosphino)methylamine, MeN(PF2)2). The halogen migration is captured in Ir2(I,I)(tfepm)3(mu-Cl)Cl (7), which is distinguished by the presence of a chloride that bridges the diiridium centers. Taken together, complexes 1-9 permit the construction of a complete photocycle for the photogeneration of H2 by dirhodium dfpma complexes in homogeneous solutions of hydrohalic acids.


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center