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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2005 Dec;49(12):4876-83.

Channel formation by CarO, the carbapenem resistance-associated outer membrane protein of Acinetobacter baumannii.

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1
UMR 6522, CNRS, PBM, Plate-forme Protéomique IFRMP 23, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Rouen, F76821 Mont Saint Aignan Cedex, France.

Abstract

It has been recently shown that resistance to both imipenem and meropenem in multidrug-resistant clinical strains of Acinetobacter baumannii is associated with the loss of a heat-modifiable 25/29-kDa outer membrane protein, called CarO. This study aimed to investigate the channel-forming properties of CarO. Mass spectrometry analyses of this protein band detected another 25-kDa protein (called Omp25), together with CarO. Both proteins presented similar physicochemical parameters (M(w) and pI). We overproduced and purified the two polypeptides as His-tagged recombinant proteins. Circular dichroism analyses demonstrated that the secondary structure of these proteins was mainly a beta-strand conformation with spectra typical of porins. We studied the channel-forming properties of proteins by reconstitution into artificial lipid bilayers. In these conditions, CarO induced ion channels with a conductance value of 110 pS in 1 M KCl, whereas the Omp25 protein did not form any channels, despite its suggested porin function. The pores formed by CarO showed a slight cationic selectivity and no voltage closure. No specific imipenem binding site was found in CarO, and this protein would rather form unspecific monomeric channels.

PMID:
16304148
PMCID:
PMC1315959
DOI:
10.1128/AAC.49.12.4876-4883.2005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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