Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 2006 Mar 15;107(6):2453-60. Epub 2005 Nov 22.

Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is required for postnatal thymic regeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.

Abstract

Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a member of the fibroblast growth factor family that mediates epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation in a variety of tissues, including the thymus. We studied the role of KGF in T-cell development with KGF-/- mice and demonstrated that thymic cellularity and the distribution of thymocyte subsets among KGF-/-, wildtype (WT), and KGF+/- mice were similar. However, KGF-/- mice are more vulnerable to sublethal irradiation (450 cGy), and a significant decrease was found in thymic cellularity after irradiation. Defective thymopoiesis and peripheral T-cell reconstitution were found in KGF-/- recipients of syngeneic or allogeneic bone marrow transplant, but using KGF-/- mice as a donor did not affect T-cell development after transplantation. Despite causing an early developmental block in the thymus, administration of KGF to young and old mice enhanced thymopoiesis. Exogenous KGF also accelerated thymic recovery after irradiation, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone treatment. Finally, we found that administering KGF before bone marrow transplantation (BMT) resulted in enhanced thymopoiesis and peripheral T-cell numbers in middle-aged recipients of an allogeneic BM transplant. We conclude that KGF plays a critical role in postnatal thymic regeneration and may be useful in treating immune deficiency conditions.

PMID:
16304055
PMCID:
PMC1895735
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2005-07-2831
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center