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Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2005;39(6):503-10.

Safety and efficacy of atorvastatin in patients with severe renal dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Divisions of Nephrology, Umeå Hospital, Umeå, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the efficacy and safety of a daily dose of 10 mg of atorvastatin in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4 and 5 and a glomerular filtration rate of <30 ml/min.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

This was an open, prospective, randomized study. A total of 143 patients were included: 73 were controls and 70 were prescribed 10 mg/day of atorvastatin. As efficacy variables, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglyceride levels were determined at the start of the study and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months.

RESULTS:

The follow-up period was a mean of 20+/-14.4 months (range 1-36 months) for those on atorvastatin versus 22+/-12.7 months (range 0.5-36 months) for the controls. Compared with baseline values, patients treated with atorvastatin had significantly lower concentrations of total cholesterol at Month 36 (5.8 vs 4.4 mmol/l; -23%; p<0.001), of LDL cholesterol at Month 36 (3.6 vs 2.2 mmol/l; -35%; p<0.001) and of triglycerides at Months 24 (2.5 vs 1.9 mmol/l) and 36 (2.5 vs 1.8 mmol/l). The controls had significantly reduced levels of total cholesterol at Month 36 (p<0.21) and of LDL cholesterol at Months 30 and 36. Compared with the controls, the atorvastatin group had lower levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol at Months 1-30. Fifteen patients (21%) stopped taking their medication as they could not tolerate the side-effects, the most frequent complaints being gastrointestinal discomfort and headache.

CONCLUSION:

Although the medication caused no severe adverse events, we recommend caution when using atorvastatin for severe CKD patients until further evidence of its safety and efficacy is verified.

PMID:
16303728
DOI:
10.1080/00365590510031255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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