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Acta Paediatr. 2005 Nov;94(11):1638-43.

Troponin-T levels in perinatally asphyxiated infants during the first 15 days of life.

Author information

1
Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. trgunes@ercites.edu.tr

Abstract

AIM:

To measure serial cardiac troponin-T, creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase levels in asphyxiated newborn infants during the first 15 d of life.

METHODS:

Troponin-T, creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) concentrations were measured prospectively in blood samples obtained from 45 asphyxiated and 15 healthy term neonates within the first 2-4 h, third, seventh and 15th days.

RESULTS:

Infants with severe asphyxia had significantly higher cardiac troponin-T levels than grade I and II asphyxiated and healthy neonates within the first 2-4 h of life (0.34+/-0.21 ag/ml vs 0.07+/-0.03 ag/ml, 0.12+/-0.07 ag/ml, 0.04+/-0.02 ag/ml, respectively). Troponin-T levels remained high on days 3 and 7 in severely asphyxiated neonates. The creatinine kinase-MB levels were significantly higher in grade II and III asphyxiated neonates than grade I asphyxiated and healthy neonates within the first 2-4 h. No difference was found in creatinine kinase-MB on day 3. There was cardiac involvement in 12 (80%) newborns of group III on B mode echocardiographic images on day 1. However, no echocardigraphic pathology was found in the seventh- and 15th-day echocardiographic analysis in any groups.

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that asphyxia-related cardiac changes were significant but reversible in severely asphyxiated neonates, and troponin T is a good determinant of the degree of injury to the heart within the first week of life. Cardiac troponin T also has a wider diagnostic frame than other diagnostic markers of myocardial damage.

PMID:
16303703
DOI:
10.1080/08035250510041222
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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