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Virology. 2006 Mar 1;346(1):15-31. Epub 2005 Nov 21.

Prolonged activation of NF-kappaB by human cytomegalovirus promotes efficient viral replication and late gene expression.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Center for Molecular and Tumor Virology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana 71130-3932, USA.


Infection of fibroblasts by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) rapidly activates the NF-kappaB signaling pathway, which we documented promotes efficient transactivation of the major immediate-early promoter (DeMeritt, I.B., Milford, L.E., Yurochko, A.D. (2004). Activation of the NF-kappaB pathway in human cytomegalovirus-infected cells is necessary for efficient transactivation of the major immediate-early promoter. J. Virol. 78, 4498-4507). Because a second, sustained increase in NF-kappaB activity following the initial phase of NF-kappaB activation was also observed, we investigated the role that this prolonged NF-kappaB activation played in viral replication and late gene expression. We first investigated HCMV replication in cells in which NF-kappaB activation was blocked by pretreatment with NF-kappaB inhibitors: HCMV replication was significantly decreased in these cultures. A decrease in replication was also observed when NF-kappaB was inhibited up to 48 h post-infection, suggesting a previously unidentified role for NF-kappaB in the regulation of the later class of viral genes.

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