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J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2005 Nov;22(11):2318-28.

Guided light and diffraction model of human-eye photoreceptors.

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Laboratorio de Optica, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo (Edificio C), 30071 Murcia, Spain.


The photoreceptors of the living human eye are known to exhibit waveguide-characteristic features. This is evidenced by the Stiles-Crawford effect observed for light incident near the pupil rim, and by the directional component of light reflected off the retina in the related optical Stiles-Crawford effect. We describe a model for the coupling of light to/from photoreceptors on the basis of waveguide theory that includes diffraction between the eye pupil and the photoreceptor apertures, and we show that valuable insight can be gained from a Gaussian approximation to the mode field. We apply this knowledge to a detailed study of the relationship between the Stiles-Crawford effect and its optical counterpart.

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