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Pharmacogenomics J. 2006 Jan-Feb;6(1):27-33.

Response to fluoxetine and serotonin 1A receptor (C-1019G) polymorphism in Taiwan Chinese major depressive disorder.

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Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


Serotonin systems appear to play a key role in the pathogenesis of major depression and the therapeutic mechanisms of antidepressants. The firing rate of dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons is controlled by somatodendritic 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A (HTR1A) autoreceptors, and desensitization of these receptors is implicated in the antidepressant mechanism of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. We tested whether a functional polymorphism (C-1019G) in the promoter region of the HTR1A gene and serotonin-related genetic variants are related to fluoxetine antidepressant effect. We genotyped the HTR1A C-1019G polymorphism as well as polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (SERTPR), variable-number tandem-repeat polymorphisms in intron 2 (STin2) of the serotonin transporter gene, serotonin 2A receptor (T102C), tryptophan hydroxylase (A218C), and G-protein beta3 subunit (C825T) in 224 Chinese patients from southern Taiwan with major depression, who accepted 4-week fluoxetine treatment and therapeutic evaluation. Our results demonstrated that the HTR1A -1019C/C carriers (P=0.009) and SERTPR l/l carriers (P<0.001) showed a better response to fluoxetine, while other polymorphisms were not associated with fluoxetine therapeutic response. The major limitation of this study is the lack of a placebo control. Future prospective study with placebo control may help to predict and individualize antidepressant treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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