Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Exp Med. 2005 Nov 21;202(10):1333-9.

Toll-like receptor-independent gene induction program activated by mammalian DNA escaped from apoptotic DNA degradation.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

Deoxyribonuclease (DNase) II in macrophages cleaves the DNA of engulfed apoptotic cells and of nuclei expelled from erythroid precursor cells. DNase II-deficient mouse embryos accumulate undigested DNA in macrophages, and die in feto because of the activation of the interferon beta (IFNbeta) gene. Here, we found that the F4/80-positive macrophages in DNase II(-/-) fetal liver specifically produce a set of cytokines such as IFNbeta, TNFalpha, and CXCL10. Whereas, IFN-inducible genes (2'5'-oligo(A) synthetase, IRF7, and ISG15) were expressed not only in macrophages but also in other F4/80-negative cells. When DNase II(-/-) macrophages or embryonal fibroblasts engulfed apoptotic cells, they expressed the IFNbeta and CXCL10 genes. The ablation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and 9, or their adaptor molecules (MyD88 and TRIF), had no effect on the lethality of the DNase II(-/-) mice. These results indicate that there is a TLR-independent sensing mechanism to activate the innate immunity for the endogenous DNA escaping lysosomal degradation.

PMID:
16301743
PMCID:
PMC2212973
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20051654
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center