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Cell Biol Int. 2005 Nov;29(11):877-83.

Inhibition of invasiveness of human lung cancer cell line H1299 by over-expression of cofilin.

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Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


The Rho-LIM-kinase (LIMK) signaling pathway, believed to be involved in the regulation of tumor invasion, specifically regulates the activity of cofilin. However, it is unclear whether cofilin plays a pivotal role in tumor invasiveness. In this paper we show using a tet-on gene expression system that over-expression of cofilin inhibits the invasiveness of human lung cancer H1299 cells. Over-expressed cofilin disrupts the actin cytoskeleton at the leading edge of the cell and up-regulates p27(kip1), which is known to be involved in regulating cell motility. Removal of cofilin over-expression normalizes the p27(kip1) level and concomitantly restores the invasiveness of the cultured cells. These findings suggest that excessive cofilin production might prevent cancer cell invasion.

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