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Infect Immun. 2005 Dec;73(12):8027-32.

Community-based safety, immunogenicity, and transmissibility study of the Shigella sonnei WRSS1 vaccine in Israeli volunteers.

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  • 1Center for Vaccine Development and Evaluation, Medical Corps, Israel Defense Force, Tel-Aviv, Israel.


We describe the first community-based evaluation of Shigella sonnei strain WRSS1, a live, oral candidate vaccine attenuated by a 212-bp deletion in the virG (or icsA) plasmid virulence gene. Three single-dose regimens of WRSS1 (5 x 10(3) CFU, 2 x 10(4) CFU, and 4 x 10(5) CFU) were tested with cohorts of 15 adult volunteers. The vaccine was generally well tolerated at the 10(3)- and 10(4)-CFU doses. There were no fevers and there was one report of moderate diarrhea in 30 vaccinees; five additional vaccinees reported mild diarrhea. At the 10(5)-CFU dose, there were two reports of low-grade fevers and four reports of moderate diarrhea. The geometric means for immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody-secreting cells (ASC) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were 30, 75, and 193 ASC per 10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for the 10(3)-, 10(4)-, and 10(5)-CFU doses, respectively. The IgG means were 40, 46, and 135 ASC per 10(6) PBMC, respectively. The 10(4)-CFU dose of WRSS1 gave the best balance of safety and immunogenicity, since all vaccinees had a significant IgA ASC response and 73% had a response of more than 50 ASC. The anti-LPS seroconversion rate (threefold) for IgA was 60% and the IgG rate was 27% for the 10(4)-CFU cohort. Each vaccinee and a cohabitating household contact delivered daily perianal stool swabs for bacteriological culture. WRSS1 colonized vaccinees for a median of 5 days, and one individual excreted WRSS1 intermittently for 23 days. None of the 45 household contacts were colonized with WRSS1 after a cumulative 192 days of cohabitation with colonized vaccinees, suggesting that adventitious vaccine spread was not common in the community setting.

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