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Surveillance of imported bancroftian filariasis after two-year multiple-dose diethylcarbamazine treatment.

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Office of Disease Prevention and Control 11, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.


Myanmar migrants are at increased risk for nocturnally periodic Wuchereria bancrofti causing imported bancroftian filariasis. They have a significant influence on the effectiveness of diethylcarbamazine (DEC) mass treatment at the provincial level in the National Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (PELF) during the fiscal years (FY) 2002-2006, in Thailand. Two oral doses of DEC 6 mg/kg are given twice a year to the eligible Myanmar migrants (> or = 2 years old). A 300 mg DEC provocation test is given once a year to all Myanmar migrants with work permits. Effectiveness evaluation parameters, such as cumulative index (CI) and the effectiveness ratio (ER), were obtained after 2 years of the multiple-dose DEC treatment program in Ranong Province, Southern Thailand. By cross-sectional night blood surveys at the end of FY 2003 in two districts of Ranong Province, the microfilarial positive rates (MPR) were 0.8% and 1.2% for Mueang Ranong and Kra Buri, respectively. The MPR in the agricultural (1.5%) and industrial (0.4%) occupations were not significantly different from each other. Our findings suggest that most untreated microfilaremics working in agriculture, with short-term residency in Thailand, may have delayed multiple-dose DEC treatment.

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