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Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Nov;80(11):1517-27.

Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Much progress has been made in understanding the biology of and therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This progress has translated into the recognition of several subgroups of ALL and the institution of risk-adapted therapies. New therapies are emerging based on the definition of specific cytogenetic-molecular abnormalities. Changes in the pathologic classification of ALL have led to therapeutic consequences. Adaptation of successful treatment strategies in children with ALL has resulted in similar complete remission rates in adults. Prognosis has Improved especially in mature B-cell ALL and T-cell lineage ALL. However, regardless of ALL subgroup, long-term survival in adults is still inferior to that in children. Development of new drugs and agents tailored to subset-specific cytogenetic-molecular characteristics is vital to the therapeutic success in adult ALL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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