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J Pathol. 2006 Jan;208(1):44-53.

Autocrine motility factor/glucose-6-phosphate isomerase is a possible predictor of metastasis in bone and soft tissue tumours.

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Department of Pathology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.


In order to assess the involvement of autocrine motility factor (AMF) in mesenchymal tumours, AMF protein and mRNA expression was analysed in tumours, tumour-like lesions, and other lesions of bone and soft tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis of 200 cases revealed positive staining in 72.5% of the cases, suggesting that AMF is a widely expressed protein. Chordoid, chondroid, and muscular tumours revealed higher immunoreactivity in both benign and malignant tumours. Immunoblotting analysis corroborated the results of immunohistochemistry. Generally, malignant tumours revealed higher expression of AMF than benign tumours of the same histopathological lineage, except for dermatofibroma/dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. However, mRNA levels were not concordant with protein levels, and sarcomas that displayed higher mRNA and lower protein expression levels showed a trend for distant metastasis. In cultured cells, AMF was secreted and detected in conditioned culture medium. Furthermore, when proteasome inhibitors were added to cells in order to examine the changes in turnover rates, these compounds did not significantly alter the intracellular levels of AMF protein. On the basis of these overall findings, it is suggested that a particular subset of sarcomas secrete AMF, rather than degrading this protein at a higher turnover rate. This secreted AMF presumably enhances their cell motility through an autocrine effect and eventually causes increased metastatic potential. Collectively, AMF was observed in a wide spectrum of lesions of mesenchymal tissue, supporting the notion that it is involved in various cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, metabolism, and metastasis. In addition, higher expression of its mRNA may indicate higher levels of protein secretion and define a particularly aggressive group of tumours with high metastatic potential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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