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J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006 Mar;100(3):850-7. Epub 2005 Nov 17.

Near-infrared spectroscopy measurements of cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption following hypoxia-ischemia in newborn piglets.

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1
Imaging Division, Lawson Health Research Institute, 268 Grosvenor St., London, Ontario, Canada N6A 4V2.

Abstract

Impaired oxidative metabolism following hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is believed to be an early indicator of delayed brain injury. The cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) can be measured by combining near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral deoxy-hemoglobin concentration. The ability of NIRS to measure changes in CMRO2 following HI was investigated in newborn piglets. Nine piglets were subjected to 30 min of HI by occluding both carotid arteries and reducing the fraction of inspired oxygen to 8%. An additional nine piglets served as sham-operated controls. Measurements of CBF, oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and CMRO2 were obtained at baseline and at 6 h after the HI insult. Of the three parameters, only CMRO2 showed a persistent and significant change after HI. Five minutes after reoxygenation, there was a 28+/-12% (mean+/-SE) decrease in CMRO2, a 72+/-50% increase in CBF, and a 56+/-19% decrease in OEF compared with baseline (P<0.05). By 30 min postinsult and for the remainder of the study, there were no significant differences in CBF and OEF between control and insult groups, whereas CMRO2 remained depressed throughout the 6-h postinsult period. This study demonstrates that NIRS can measure decreases in CMRO2 caused by HI. The results highlight the potential for NIRS to be used in the neonatal intensive care unit to detect delayed brain damage.

PMID:
16293704
DOI:
10.1152/japplphysiol.00830.2005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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