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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Nov 29;102(48):17264-71. Epub 2005 Nov 17.

Burning down the brewery: establishing and evacuating an ancient imperial colony at Cerro Baul, Peru.

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1
Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. moseley@anthro.ufl.edu

Abstract

Before the Inca reigned, two empires held sway over the central Andes from anno Domini 600 to 1000: the Wari empire to the north ruled much of Peru, and Tiwanaku to the south reigned in Bolivia. Face-to-face contact came when both colonized the Moquegua Valley sierra in southern Peru. The state-sponsored Wari incursion, described here, entailed large-scale agrarian reclamation to sustain the occupation of two hills and the adjacent high mesa of Cerro Baúl. Monumental buildings were erected atop the mesa to serve an embassy-like delegation of nobles and attendant personnel that endured for centuries. Final evacuation of the Baúl enclave was accompanied by elaborate ceremonies with brewing, drinking, feasting, vessel smashing, and building burning.

PMID:
16293691
PMCID:
PMC1297684
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0508673102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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