Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Dec;35(12):1367-77. Epub 2005 Oct 12.

Pteropsin: a vertebrate-like non-visual opsin expressed in the honey bee brain.

Author information

1
Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 61801, USA.

Abstract

Insects have excellent color vision based on the expression of different opsins in specific sets of photoreceptive cells. Opsins are members of the rhodopsin superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors, and are transmembrane proteins found coupled to light-sensitive chromophores in animal photoreceptors. Diversification of opsins during animal evolution provided the basis for the development of wavelength-specific behavior and color vision, but with the exception of the recently discovered non-visual melanopsins, vertebrate and invertebrate opsins have generally been viewed as representing distinct lineages. We report a novel lineage of insect opsins, designated pteropsins. On the basis of sequence analysis and intron location, pteropsins are more closely related to vertebrate visual opsins than to invertebrate opsins. Of note is that the pteropsins are missing entirely from the genome of drosophilid flies. In situ hybridization studies of the honey bee, Apis mellifera, revealed that pteropsin is expressed in the brain of this species and not in either the simple or compound eyes. It was also possible, on the basis of in situ hybridization studies, to assign different long wavelength opsins to the compound eyes (AmLop1) and ocelli (AmLop2). Insect pteropsin might be orthologous to a ciliary opsin recently described from the annelid Platynereis, and therefore represents the presence of this vertebrate-like light-detecting system in insects.

PMID:
16291092
DOI:
10.1016/j.ibmb.2005.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center