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Trends Mol Med. 2005 Dec;11(12):571-8. Epub 2005 Nov 9.

2-Cys peroxiredoxin function in intracellular signal transduction: therapeutic implications.

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  • 1Center for Cell Signaling Research and Division of Molecular Life Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea.


H(2)O(2) is a reactive oxygen species that has drawn much interest because of its role as a second messenger in receptor-mediated signaling. Mammalian 2-Cys peroxiredoxins have been shown to eliminate efficiently the H(2)O(2) generated in response to receptor stimulation. 2-Cys peroxiredoxins are members of a novel peroxidase family that catalyze the H(2)O(2) reduction reaction in the presence of thioredoxin, thioredoxin reductase and NADPH. Several lines of evidence suggest that 2-Cys peroxiredoxins have dual roles as regulators of the H(2)O(2) signal and as defenders of oxidative stress. In particular, 2-Cys peroxiredoxin appears to provide selective, specific and localized control of receptor-mediated signal transduction. Thus, the therapeutic potential of 2-Cys peroxiredoxins is clear for diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases, that involve reactive oxygen species.

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